Everyone has the fundamental right to education, and parents have a right prior to the State or any other entity to guide the education of their children


International law guarantees the right of education to everyone

Parents have the fundamental right to oversee the education of their children


The Universal Declaration of Human Rights emphasizes that everyone has a right to education, and states that parents have a right prior to the State with regard to their children's education

The Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD)​emphasizes the fundamental role of parents in their children's education

Chapter XI of the ICPD includes access to education, and in particular, vocational training, as one of its ​objectives


  1. Insert language on the importance of access to education, with a particular emphasis on the benefits of vocational training for youth
    • Example from the 45th Session of the Commission on Population and Development "Adolescents and Youth" (E/2012/25 E/CN.9/2012/8)

    "Calls upon Member States to ensure the right to education of good quality for women and girls, on an equal basis with men and boys, and that they complete a full course of primary education, and to renew their efforts to improve and expand the education of girls and women at all levels, including at the secondary and higher levels, as well as vocational education and technical training, in order to, inter alia, achieve gender equality, the empowerment of women and poverty eradication" - Paragraph 21

  2. Delete references to "comprehensive sexuality education," which discount the rights of parents, and insert agreed language on sex education​​
    • Examples from the 68th Session of the General Assembly "The Girl Child" (A/C.3/68/L.27/Rev.1)

    "Calls upon States, with the support of international organizations, civil society and nongovernmental organizations, as appropriate, to develop policies and programmes, giving priority to formal, informal and non-formal education programmes, including age-appropriate and culturally sensitive sex education, with appropriate direction and guidance from parents and legal guardians, that support girls and enable them to acquire knowledge, develop self-esteem and take responsibility for their own lives, and to place special focus on programmes to educate women and men, especially parents, about the importance of girls' physical and mental health and well-being" - Paragraph 6

  3. Insert language that highlights the fundamental rights of parents
    • Example from the 45th Session of the Commission on Population and Development “Adolescents and Youth” (E/2012/25 E/CN.9/2012/8)​​​

    "Recognizes the rights, duties and responsibilities of parents and other persons legally responsible for adolescents to provide, in a manner consistent with the evolving capacities of the adolescent, appropriate direction and guidance on sexual and reproductive matters..." - Paragraph 25

* See also the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination Article 5(v), Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women Article 10, International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers Articles 30 and 43(a-c), and Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities Article 24.