Health


Every person has the right to the highest attainable standard of health, and it is the responsibility of governments to ensure the full realization of this right by focusing on the provision of basic health care services and access to essential medicines for all.

INTERNATIONAL LAW

International law guarantees the right to health

The ICESCR enumerates the steps to be taken by States Parties to achieve the full realization of the right to health

UN DOCUMENTS

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights highlights the right of everyone to an adequate standard of living

Chapter VII of the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development emphasizes the importance of basic health care and access to medicines

Goal 6 of the Millennium Development Goals is to "combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases"

Human Rights Council Resolution "Access to medicines in the context of the right of everyone to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health"(A/HRC/23/L.10/Rev.1) underscores the responsibility of States with regard to access to medicines

ACTION POINTS FOR UN DELEGATES

  1. Ensure that UN documents do not identify non-agreed terms such as "reproductive rights" as part of the right to health, and that they reflect the fundamental components of the right to health, which include:
    • Primary health care
    • Nutrition
    • Sanitation
    • Safe water
    • Essential drugs
  2. Insert language on the importance of providing affordable medical services to developing countries, and facilitating the production and distribution of generic drugs
    • ​​Examples from Human Rights Council Resolution "Access to medicines in the context of the right of everyone to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health" (A/HRC/23/L.10/Rev.1)

    "To implement or, where they do not exist, to establish, national health frameworks that ensure access for all, without discrimination, to medicines that are affordable, safe, efficacious and of quality" - Paragraph 5(a)


    "To adopt regulation measures with a view to providing access of the population, and particularly individuals in vulnerable situations, to affordable medicines" - Paragraph 5(c)


    "To foster the development of technology and the voluntary transfer of technology to developing countries on mutually agreed terms aligned with national priorities, bearing in mind the specific needs of least-developed countries in this

  3. Ensure that language on HIV/AIDS includes references to proven strategies based on the science of transmission for successful prevention and treatment
    • Prevention: Emphasize the importance of risk avoidance through behavior change
    • Reduction of multiple concurrent partners
    • Delay of early sexual debut
    • Abstinence
    • Treatment: The technology exists to significantly enhance quality of life, increase life expectancy, and decrease mortality rates – but many HIV/AIDS infected persons remain without access
    • Antiretroviral drugs